Julio Roberto Valverde Valencia (born 1955), better known by his stage nameRobo, is a Colombian–American drummer. He came to prominence in the early 1980s with punk band Black Flag, and more recently has been a member of Misfits.
Life and career
Robo (at the time known by his birth name, Roberto Valverde), was a Colombian army defector, born in Cali, who came to the United States on a student visa in early 1975. He stayed after the visa expired, making him an illegal alien.
Robo began playing drums in 1976, while living in El Segundo, California and working in a plastics factory. In 1978, he joined Black Flag as the band's second drummer, replacing Brian Migdol. He toured and recorded with them through 1981, performing on the EPs Jealous Again and Six Pack, and their first full-length album, Damaged. He later toured and recorded with the Misfits on the Earth A.D./Wolfs Blood album.
Robo's drum style is brash and brutal, relying heavily on open high-hat to generate the frenetic sounds on Black Flag's records. His signature drum kit during that era was transparent to match Greg Ginn's see-through Dan Armstrong guitar, and was unique in that all of the drums and cymbals were parallel to the ground rather than tilted towards him as is more typical of drummers. He was also known for wearing plastic and metal bracelets during concerts and recording sessions; they can sometimes be heard faintly clattering on recordings. His stage name was given to him by his Black Flag bandmates, and is both a play on his name (Roberto) and a reference to his drumming style. Whereas many drummers utilize a style which uses quick movements originating from the wrist, Robo's style consists of stiff, robotic movements of the entire arm.
The characters of Chrono Trigger were designed by Akira Toriyama based on sketches from the story planner Masato Kato. The development team wanted a diverse cast to reflect the various eras visited by the player; while working on the in-battle actions of the game, they decided to include a playable character that was neither human nor robot. Kato drew sketches for a cast of eight playable characters, comprising a male protagonist, the daughter of a fairy king, a tin robot, a monster man, an inventor girl, a demon king, a primitive girl, and an old sage. Pig and monkey characters were also considered. Six of the initial ideas were reworked by Toriyama, while the old sage character was scrapped and the monster man replaced with Toriyama's own frog man design.
Jones sustained his lifestyle by spamming people with robo-calls ... Jones allegedly paid for exclusive access to the program, which he then rented out to other robo-callers ... Anyone curious or lonely enough to listen to one of Jones’ robo-calls, then press “1,” would be directed to a call center, which often meant one or two of Jones’ underlings sitting in a room in Irvine ... robo-calls....
Under consideration by the Federal Communications Commission, which has been asked to review ringless voicemail, the proposal would free telemarketers from restrictions that prevent them from robo-calling people's cellphones without first getting their permission ... Quigley said that there has been a "litigation explosion" around robo-call violations, with legitimate businesses sometimes getting wrongfully sweeped up....